Basic Reports

Size & Scope

First, the simple things. Your study carrel was created through the submission of a [SINGLE URL|FILE OF URLS|FILE FROM YOUR COMPUTER|ZIP FILE]. This ultimately resulted in a collection of 304 item(s). The original versions of these items have been saved in a cache, and each of them have been transformed & saved as a set of plain text files. All of the following analysis has been done against these plain text files.

Your study carrel is 477,041 words long. [0] Each item in your study carrel is, on average, 1,667 words long. [1] If you dig deeper, then you might want to save yourself some time by reading a shorter item. On the other hand, if your desire is for more detail, then you might consider reading a longer item. The following illustrate the overall size of your study carrel.

left image
histogram of sizes
left image
box plot of sizes


On a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 is very difficult and 100 is very easy, your documents have an average readability score of 58. [2] Consequently, if you want to read something more simplistic, then consider a document with a higher score. If you want something more specialized, then consider something with a lower score. The following illustrate the overall readability of your study carrel.

left image
histogram of readability
left image
box plot of readability

Word Frequencies

By merely counting & tabulating the frequency of individual words or phrases, you can begin to get an understanding of your carrel's "aboutness". Excluding "stop words", some of the more frequent words include: [3]

library, http, libraries, information, digital, www, article, web, use, internet, current, new, cites, html, org, access, will, one, edu, may, research, berkeley, technology, com, data, copyright, university, roy, electronic, tennant, open, online, rt, also, issues, well, journal, publishing, issue, services, sunsite, resources, report, search, many, librarians, content, users, public, authors

Using the three most frequent words, the three files containing all of those words the most are ./txt/currentcites-org-9962.txt, ./txt/currentcites-org-9917.txt, and ./txt/currentcites-org-9888.txt.

The most frequent two-word phrases (bigrams) include:

current cites, roy tennant, open access, currentcites cc, edu currentcites, html contributors, digital library, rights reserved, electronic publishing, sunsite manager, research libraries, tennant current, higher education, leo robert, robert klein, tennant http, information technology, digital libraries, open source, commercial use, bulletin board, fair use, new york, necessarily imply, individual scholars, use requires, web site, sub cites, must appear, copied material, document maintained, listserv library, product names, last update, respective holders, noncommercial use, message must, imply endorsement, requires permission, conference systems, computerized bulletin, board conference, message sub, academic libraries, manager sunsite, issues issue, edu current, wide web, first monday, digital preservation

And the three file that use all of the three most frequent phrases are ./txt/currentcites-org-9962.txt ./txt/currentcites-org-9917.txt, and ./txt/currentcites-org-9888.txt.

While often deemed superficial or sophomoric, rudimentary frequencies and their associated "word clouds" can be quite insightful:

left image
left image


Sets of keywords -- statistically significant words -- can be enumerated by comparing the relative frequency of words with the number of times the words appear in an entire corpus. Some of the most statistically significant keywords in your study carrel include:

libraries, library, http, information, web, digital, https, internet, news, digitized, new, informative, article, articles, data, digitization, researchers, april, january, july, march, online, technologies, access, research, searching, useful, uses, digitizing, electronic, informed, june, network, published, copyright, december, html, october, august, digitize, february, november, september, technology, users, electronically, informal, issue, journal, journals

And now word clouds really begin to shine:

left image

Topic Modeling

Topic modeling is another popular approach to connoting the aboutness of a corpus. If your study carrel could be summed up in a single word, then that word might be library, and Current Cites, 8(2) (February 1997) is most about that word.

If your study carrel could be summed up in three words ("topics") then those words and their significantly associated titles include:

  1. http - Current Cites, 7(6) (June 1996)
  2. library - Current Cites, April 2007
  3. grey - Current Cites: December 2018

If your study carrel could be summed up in five topics, and each topic were each denoted with three words, then those topics and their most significantly associated files would be:

  1. library, libraries, http -
  2. http, library, information - Current Cites, 11(1) (January 2000)
  3. internet, information, library - Current Cites 6(5) (May 1995)
  4. lynch, clifford, emory - Current Cites: December 2018
  5. chatbots, packet, mashup - Current Cites, July 2007

Moreover, the totality of the study carrel's aboutness, can be visualized with the following pie chart:

left image
topic model

Noun & Verbs

Through an analysis of your study carrel's parts-of-speech, you are able to answer question beyonds aboutness. For example, a list of the most frequent nouns helps you answer what questions; "What is discussed in this collection?":

libraries, library, article, information, web, internet, use, access, data, copyright, research, technology, issues, users, authors, librarians, author, services, time, resources, report, e, content, product, systems, issue, search, name, articles, user, software, cd, message, rights, publishing, piece, project, %, site, collections, publication, book, books, system, journals, document, number, people, students, journal

An enumeration of the verbs helps you learn what actions take place in a text or what the things in the text do. Very frequently, the most common lemmatized verbs are "be", "have", and "do"; the more interesting verbs usually occur further down the list of frequencies:

is, are, be, have, has, do, was, ''s, been, were, using, does, based, make, use, provides, used, find, edited, being, provide, see, need, include, get, know, had, read, published, send, found, including, reserved, take, add, making, help, describes, want, become, made, maintained, includes, makes, create, appear, ©, cites, given, ''re

left image
left image

Proper Nouns

An extraction of proper nouns helps you determine the names of people and places in your study carrel.

library, cites, roy, tennant, university, rt, current, information, digital, libraries, research, google, journal, california, technology, new, electronic, issn, access, march, april, january, june, berkeley, february, may, publishing, july, october, august, open, lrk, online, w., september, december, robert, charles, november, peter, manager, world, sunsite, science, bailey, cb, american, jr., public, national

An analysis of personal pronouns enables you to answer at least two questions: 1) "What, if any, is the overall gender of my study carrel?", and 2) "To what degree are the texts in my study carrel self-centered versus inclusive?"

it, their, they, you, your, we, he, its, i, our, them, his, us, she, my, her, one, itself, themselves, me, yourself, him, ''s, ourselves, himself, myself, ''em, herself, ‘, ours, y, yours, bookshelf,,, dn/20050071741&rs,,,,,,, oneself, rebolini, surf, thee, thyself, ye, ​the​, ’s

Below are words cloud of your study carrel's proper & personal pronouns.

left image
proper nouns
left image

Adjectives & Verbs

Learning about a corpus's adjectives and adverbs helps you answer how questions: "How are things described and how are things done?" An analysis of adjectives and adverbs also points to a corpus's overall sentiment. "In general, is my study carrel positive or negative?"

digital, new, other, such, many, more, open, electronic, available, current, online, useful, good, interesting, public, academic, first, important, commercial, most, scholarly, same, last, different, much, full, own, individual, free, best, technical, large, particular, social, major, several, specific, various, recent, special, high, brief, few, possible, interested, better, institutional, long, likely, worth

not, also, well, n''t, more, out, as, up, only, so, just, now, even, most, here, then, very, still, rather, however, often, much, too, on, necessarily, far, yet, particularly, already, online, down, ever, really, back, perhaps, together, e.g., clearly, highly, especially, all, no, first, long, always, simply, actually, almost, increasingly, in

left image
left image